Stephen Hawking (born 8 January 1942) was a genius English theoretical physicist, author, educator, cosmologist, and a great scientist from Oxford, Oxfordshire, England. He was greatly known for his research in “Black Holes” and “Relativity”. Stephen was the professor of maths subject at Cambridge University and give the equation.
Biography, Parents, Siblings & Education
Stephen Hawking was born to his parents on 8 January 1942 in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England. His age was 76 years old (14 March 2018) at the time of death. His father Frank Hawking is a Research Biologist in a Lab and mother Isobel Hawking is a Medical Research Secretary. His real birth name was Stephen William Hawking.
There are four siblings in his family including him. He had two younger sisters named Philippa and Mary. His brother Edward is adopted by his parents. He starts his education from the Byron House School in Highgate, London.
He was physical disable from childhood. In the school his colleagues make fun of him that’s why he leaves the school and takes admission to St Albans High School for Girls. He studied in this school only for a few months only. He joined the Radlett School till Sep 1952.
After that, he attends the St Albans School, England and completes her primary education from there. He was very intelligent in studies that are why his parents want his son to attend the Westminster School but the fees of this school were very high.
Stephen’s parents were not financially strong so they drop their decision and Hawking still studies in the same school for his education.
He was very intelligent in maths. He gets a scholarship from the school and takes admission to University College, Oxford at the age of 17 in Oct 1959. He feels so lonely in college. In the second year of college, he takes an interest in music and science. After that, he joins the Cambridge University for the degree of Cosmology.
In his graduate year, he makes the theory of Bing Bang Theory and the Steady States theory. After completes his education he gets his Ph.D. degree in Mathematics and Physics. He also takes a degree in cosmology.
Physical Stats, How tall, Appearance & More
The famous scientist, Stephen Hawking’s height is measured at around 5 feet 6 inches. He had an approximate weight of pounds 137 lbs. The great physicist had blue color eyes and light brown color hair.
He had a physical disability that’s why he always used a wheelchair. Even he was physical disable but his mental ability was so strong.
Personal Life, Girlfriend, Spouse & Children
Stephen Hawking was in a relationship with his girlfriend from 1962. He first met her at a party. Both of them loved each other and they dated each other for two years. He got married to his first wife “Jane Wilde” on 14 July 1965. The couple blessed with their first child named “Robert Hawking” in May 1967.
After two years later Stephen becomes the father of his second child. It was a baby girl born in November 1969 and named her “Lucy”. In April 1979, his third child Timothy was born. He works as a reader at Cambridge University.
As he grew up his physical disability also increasing and he requires a nurse for his care 24/7. So he hired a nurse named Elaine Mason. He becomes so close to the nurse and gave divorce to his first wife Jane and got married to his second wife Elaine Mason on Sep 1995.
This relationship is not going so far and the couple broke the relationship in the year 2006. After that, he has a quit relationship with his ex-wife Jane.
|Quick Info & Wiki|
|Full Real Name||Stephen William Hawking.|
|Stage Name||Einstein and Stephen .|
|Profession||English theoretical physicist, author, educator, cosmologist, and scientist.|
|Famously Known as||for his research in “Black Holes” and “Relativity”.|
|Birthday (DOB)||8 January 1942.|
|Date of death||14 March 2018.|
|Age (at the time of death)||76 years old.|
|Place of Birth||Oxford, Oxford shire, England.|
|Place of Death||Cambridge, England.|
|Gay or Lesbian||No.|
|Social Media Profiles||N/A.|
|Parents||Father: Frank Hawking.
Mother: Isobel Hawking.
|Siblings||Brother: Edward (adopted).
Sisters: Philippa and Mary.
|Physical Stats & More|
|Height||Feet & Inches: 5' 6".
Centimeters: 169 cm.
Meters: 1.69 m.
|Weight||Kilograms: 62 Kg.
Pounds: 137 lbs.
|Hair Color||Light Brown.|
|Wife||1. Jane Wilde (1965-1995).
2. Elaine Mason (1995-2006).
|Son||1. Robert Hawking (May 1967).
2. Timothy Hawking (April 1979).
|Daughter||1. Lucy Hawking (November 1969).|
|School||Byron House School in Highgate, London.
St Albans High School for Girls.
St Albans School, England.
|Alma Mater||University College, Oxford.
|• Adams Prize in1966.
• Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1974.
• Albert Einstein Award in 1978.
• Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1982.
• Dirac Medal in 1987.
• Wolf Prize in 1988.
• Royal Companion of the Honor (CH) in 1989.
• Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009.
• Fundamental Physics Prize in 2012.
• BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in 2015.
|Net worth (approx.)||$25 million US dollars (As of 2018).|
Career & Net worth
The popular scientist had started his career in 1966 with giving a theorem of singularity. This theorem includes the universe theory for starts a singularity. He also participated in the Gravity Research Foundation competition in 1968 and his research was one of the runner-up researches in the competition.
He gives a theory of relativity, but everyone thoughts that this is the useless theory but he was full of confidence in his theory so he gave the strong proof of his theory of relativity has obeyed the universe and this theory fits in every model. He accepted the fellowship for Distinction of science in the year 1969.
In the year 1970, Stephen makes his legend invention of “law of black hole dynamics”. He said that black holes’ horizon can never get smaller. He works with the famous physicists James M. Bardeen and Brandon Carter for his invention of black holes. He also made a “no-hair theorem” which is based on the creation of black holes.
In 1973 he started the studies of quantum gravity. He becomes a great scientist and in the year 1974, he shows the emit radiation of black holes. This radiation is now known as the “Hawking radiations”. He got selected in Fellow the Royal Society (FRS). In the same year 1974, he becomes the professor of the California Institute of Technology.
In the year 1975, he becomes a reader of gravity physics at Cambridge University. He always becomes part of interviews for his research on black holes. After some year Stephen becomes the Lucasian Professor for mathematics at the University of Cambridge. After that in the year 1981, he comes to know that black holes evaporate Coninuosly it will be lost. They start a debate on the black hole war with Leonard Susskind and Gerard ‘t Hooft.
Hawking and his friend Gary Gibbons organized a Nuffield Workshop in 1982 at Cambridge University. He writes so many popular books based n science and the universe.
Books & Television Series written by Stephen Hawking
|A Brief History of Time (1988).|
|Brief Answers of the Big Questions (2018).|
|The Theory of Everythings (2004).|
|The Grand Design (2010).|
|The Universe is a Nutshell (2001).|
|A Briefer History of Time (2005).|
|Black Holes and Baby Universe (1993).|
|George’s Secret Key to the Universe (2007).|
|My Brief History (2013).|
|God Created the Integers (2005).|
|On the Shoulders of Giants (2002).|
|The Nature of Space and Time (1996).|
|George’s Cosmic Treasure Hunt (2009).|
|George and the Big Bang (2011).|
|The Illustrated a Brief History of Time (1988).|
|The Large Scale Structure of Space-time (1973).|
|Is the End in Sight for the Theoretical Physics? (1980).|
|Brief History/Universe BindUp International-PROP-EXP (2017).|
|George and the Unbreakable Code (2014).|
|George and the Blue Moon (2016).|
|Properties of Expanding Universes (2017).|
|The Future of Spacetime (2002).|
|General Relativity; an Einstein Centenary Survey (1979).|
|The Dreams That Stuff is made of (2011).|
|Hawking on the big bang and black holes (1993).|
|Unlocking the Universe.|
|Life in the Universe (1995).|
|Computer Resources for People with Disabilities (1994).|
In the year 2007, Stephen wrote a book basically for children and published the book “George’s Secret Key to the Universe’ with his daughter Lucy. this book contains special characters and images for the children. His name was on the list of 100 Greatest Britons on BBC.
Stephen Hawking has earned a fortune and his Net worth is around $25 million as in 2018.
When Breakthrough Initiatives are to be launched hawking gives his best for launching this project. He also creates the documentary “Expedition New Earth” in 2017. His theory is so relevant he said that when something has to be entered in the black holes all the information is lost. His final paper “High Energy Physics” was published on 27 April 2018 after his death.
On 14 March 2018, the great legend and scientist died due to chronic illness. He was in his hometown Cambridge, England at the time of death.
Some Hidden Facts about Stephen Hawking
- His zodiac sign was Capricorn.
- Stephen holds the American Nationality.
- His family went to St. Albans when he was 8 years old.
- Hawking designed Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) in 1963 at the age of 21.
- He gets a program of a computer named “Equalizer” from Walter Woltsoz.
- He was honored with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in the white house by the president of America “Brack Obama” on 12 August 2009.
- In the year 1960, Stephen Hawking’s full body is physically disabled.
- His hands stopped working in 2005 and then he uses his muscles of cheeks for controlling the communication device.
- He invented so many formulas in maths.
- Hawking’s hobbies were listening to classical music, reading books based on science, and giving motivation lectures.
- His favorite movie was Jules and Jim.